What is Artificial Intelligence | Types | Scope | Applications
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In this article we will going to discuss What is Artificial Intelligence | Types | Scope –  Artificial Intelligence, also called Machine Intelligence is the study of how human thinks and  makes decisions while trying to solve any problem. Artificial Intelligence is classified into various types that perform different activities. The Scope of Artificial Intelligent is in developing machines for solving problems and achieving goals. Here, we are going to discuss  what is artificial intelligence and what are the types and scope  of artificial intelligence.

What is Artificial Intelligence ?

Artificial Intelligence is the branch of computer science that aims to create intelligent machines which work and react like humans. Artificial Intelligence is very helpful to perform various activities like,

  • Speech Recognition
  • Machine Vision
  • Automation
  • Natural Language Processing
  • Robotics
  • Perception
  • Planning
  • Problem Solving
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence

Definition – According to John McCarthy, “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs”. 

Machine Intelligence is the development of computer systems, able to perform tasks such as decision-making, Learning, Reasoning and translation between languages normally required by human intelligence.

 Types of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is classified into two categories i.e.,

  • Type 1
  • Type 2

Type 1: In Type 1, Artificial intelligence is divided into two parts

  • Weak AI or Narrow AI : Weak AI is focused only on narrow tasks. Weak AI involves such Machines which are not intelligent to do their own work but can be built in such a way that they seem smart. The example of Weak AI is Poker game.
  • Strong AI : Strong AI involves such machines which can actually think and perform tasks on its own just like a human being.

Type 2: Based On Functionalities, AI is divided into four parts

  • Reactive Machines: One of the basic forms of AI is Reactive Machine. It doesn’t have any past memory that’s why it can’t use past information for the future actions.
  • Limited Memory: Such AI systems have limited memory so that they can use past information for making future decisions.
  • Theory Of Mind: This type of AI is able to understand the people’s emotion, thoughts, belief, expectations and also able to interact socially.
  • Self Awareness: An AI which has its own conscious, super intelligent and self-awareness. This type AI will be one of the milestones in the field of AI.

Scope Of Artificial Intelligence

AI is used by one another after the company for its benefits. Also, AI  is reached in our day-to-day life with breakneck speed. There are various ways in which AI can change the future. Artificial Intelligence becomes a popular field in computer science as it has enhanced the human life in many areas.

  • Breakthrough in Science: The scope of AI in science is the largest. As evidenced by the Robot Scientist Eve, AI will be able to create science. AI is applied in related areas of science such as:
  1. Automation for drug discovery,
  2. synthetic biology for the manufacture
  3. rapid design of microorganisms for industrial uses and more
  • Cyber Security: Nowadays, Cyber crime is the main problem of everyone. AI is very helpful in cyber security. AI uses various techniques like RNN ( Recurrent Neural Network) to detect fraud in initial stages.
  • Face Recognition: Face Recognition, feature of AI is used for Authenticating the user’s personal content. This feature is also used by Governments and security forces to track down criminals and identify citizens.
  • Data Analysis : AI is the most beneficial for business in the field of Data Analysis. AI is able to perceive patterns in data which humans cannot. It is very helpful for the business to target the right customers for the product.

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We have studied what is Artificial Intelligence and how it is useful in our daily life. We have also seen the scope of Artificial Intelligence. If you want any further details or have any query regarding this article feel free to ask in comment section.